From a Yahoo article:

Christina Hall reveals she has ‘mercury and lead poisoning

What if it is because of the water she drinks?

Mercury and lead bioaccumulate in our bodies.

Does the Phoenix metro and East Valley metro contain lead in our drinking water?


Sources and have resources:

Lead In Mesa Drinking Water

Lead enters tap water through older lead service pipes and lead-containing plumbing. When corrosion control measures put in place by the municipality fail (like what recently happened in Flint, Michigan), lead leaches into the drinking water, and can reach dangerous levels. Currently,10% of samples analyzed for lead in Mesa, AZ’s water are 3.7 parts per billion. Though Mesa’s water quality is in compliance with federal regulations, EPA and CDC both acknowledge that there is no safe level of lead, and federal regulations do not take into account levels measured at an individual tap. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that any taps used to serve children have lead levels no higher than 1 part per billion.

How does lead and mercury get in our Phoenix Metro and East Valley AZ h2o? 

More than 90 percent of our water supply is surface water that originates as snow in the mountains north and east of Phoenix.  As the snow melts, it flows into reservoirs on the Colorado, Salt, and Verde Rivers where it is stored for future release to our water treatment plants.  These extensive reservoir systems allow for the capture of water during wet periods for use during the dry years.  

2/3 of this water falls far away from our homes.  Water falls as a pure molecule and seeks to neutralize itself by attracting ions in its water journey.  Lead and iron are heavy metals in our AZ Water; that are picked up on the water molecules’ journey down the Colorado and Salt and Verde River.  When you turn on your tap to drink AZ h2o – lead and mercury will be in your drinking water.  Lead and mercury bioaccumulate in your body. 

( last line): if you fish AZ h2o – do not eat the fish (they contain mercury).

Eating AZ fish = you will ingest mercury (mercury bioaccumulates in your body)


–Does Your Water Contain an Unsafe Level of Mercury?  Trending Towns <>

Each day, City of Chandler Water Quality Specialists perform up to 100 tests on the drinking water you receive at your home or business. These tests ensure that your water meets every health and safety standard set by the state and federal government.

However, do they test for the mercury content in your water?   I don’t see it here.

Water Quality | City of Chandler (

If I am wrong, please inform me and I will immediately change my content.  I want to ask for you to help me make sure I am accurate with all my reporting.

Testing the Water to Ensure Only the Highest Quality 

More than five million tests and measurements are conducted each year to ensure high-quality tap water in Phoenix. It is tested for more than 100 substances and is monitored throughout the year to ensure that it meets the rigorous standards set forth by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, and the Maricopa County Environmental Services Department.

I don’t see mercury listed on the city of Phoenix water tests.  Is the City of Phoenix testing for mercury levels in our drinking water? 

Water Services ​Understanding Phoenix’s Water Quality

Is there Lead in Chandler Water? Based on the EPA’s ECHO Database, 90% of the samples taken from the Chandler water system, City of Chandler, between a sample start date and sample end date show the presence of lead in your City of Chandler drinking water.

Is Chandler Tap Water Safe to Drink? – 2022 (

Is there Lead in Phoenix Water? Based on the EPA’s ECHO Database, 90% of the samples taken from the Phoenix water system, City of Phoenix, between the sample start date and sample end date lead is present in your Phoenix AZ drinking water.


The safe level of lead in drinking water is 0%. There should be no lead in it at all. Lead is strictly banned because it can be toxic even in low doses, especially for infants and young children. Guidelines from the CDC suggest that a blood concentration level over five micrograms per liter (5 parts per billion) could be a sign of lead poisoning.

What Are Safe Lead Levels In Drinking Water? | Benchmark (

 Levels of lead above 0 in drinking water are considered unsafe, so if test results show that your tap water contains 1 ppm of lead, the EPA sees this as potentially harmful to health.!&&p=8dd8231d54957333JmltdHM9MTY4MjIwODAwMCZpZ3VpZD0xOTk5Yzc2Zi0wNDg5LTY5MzUtMjcxMy1kNjJkMDVmNjY4OWEmaW5zaWQ9NTM5NA&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=1999c76f-0489-6935-2713-d62d05f6689a&psq=should+there+be+any+amount+of+lead+in+our+drinking+water&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly93YXRlcmZpbHRlcmd1cnUuY29tL2hvdy10by10ZXN0LWZvci1sZWFkLWluLXdhdGVyLw&ntb=1

How can I remove all the lead and mercury from my entire drinking water system (and the water we bathe)?

Here are two affordable solutions (don’t waste water, do not use salt – no electricity required):

6412 Lead Removal (

9679 Whole House Mercury (

May I please render a thought; if everyone in Arizona has one of these devices on the main line of their home – you will have peace of mind – your drinking water will be free of lead and free of mercury – you may live a couple more days ‘happy and healthy and peaceful’.  If all homes in America had one of these affordable treatment devices; no more concern about these toxic water contaminants:

Let’s make every home in America free of lead and mercury (drinking water and all water in your homes). 

May I also please render another thought:

Let’s not rely on our United States Government; let us not rely on our local water purveyors; let us not rely on our local governments to provide us safe water.

Let us empower ourselves to find trustworthy, hardworking – long track-record family water treatment companies to help us.  We know several.

A word of caution: all of these units (the size is important) must be indubitably exchanged every five years (microbiological contamination of your water may occur).  This point is very important.


In the words of Publius

This idea of a new US water constitution (no more lead and no more mercury in your drinking water; no more lead and mercury in your utility water) will add the inducements of philanthropy to those of patriotism, to heighten the solicitude which all considerate and good men must feel is an important notion. Happy will it be if our choice should be directed by a judicious estimate of our true interests (great tasting water; safe water for all our US citizens to drink and bathe), unperplexed and unbiased by considerations not connected with the public good? But this is a thing more ardently to be wished than seriously to be expected. The plan offered to our deliberations affects too many particular interests, innovates upon too many local institutions, not to involve in its discussion a variety of objects foreign to its merits, and of views, passions, and prejudices little favorable to the discovery of truth.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles our new US water Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes that may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

In the words of Hayden Boyett, I will always tell you I am very obsequies to our US leaders.  I am very grateful my family has had an influence in establishing our current water structure (Wilford Hayden ‘Hayden Road was named – third settler in Scottsdale’ – the first farmers mortgaged their land for the Teddy Roosevelt AZ dam; Senator Carl Hayden ‘longest serving in US; gave us our Colorado river rights ‘CAP Canal’ – he was a shirttail relative ‘claimed my mother and her siblings as his nieces and nephews’). Here are the facts:

Our drinking water tastes bad in AZ.  All of our great founding mothers and fathers have been committed to clean up our water.  Our present staff and leaders are committed to this same notion (they are the best in the world ‘we are all trained through our family 56-year training organization’).  I love America (I hope I always will – it’s up to me; it is up to us).  Not for a moment, not for a day – not for a century, but by the work of tenacious people who care – we will preserve our love of America.

Sources and resources:

BTW if you ever want a quick refresher course on our great Constitution (it is free)

Hillsdale College Online Courses

(the economics courses are interesting too)

More toilet water to your AZ tap.

In an article

Phoenix to Build Multibillion Dollar Purification Plant to Make Wastewater Drinkable by 2030 | ORION INVESTMENT REAL ESTATE (

Phoenix to Build Multibillion Dollar Purification Plant to Make Wastewater Drinkable by 2030

The article was originally posted on AZ Central on April 12, 2023

Phoenix wants to recycle wastewater into drinking water by the end of 2030 and share it with the Valley.

The plan is to build an advanced water purification facility and treat, then reuse millions of gallons of wastewater that would have otherwise been discharged into the Salt River.

The investment would provide Arizona cities with a significant new drinking water supply, which is vital as they work to lessen their dependence on the shrinking Colorado River and diversify their water sources.

The multibillion-dollar technology called direct potable reuse, or “tap to toilet,” by critics, cleans water that goes down a home’s drains and sends it back for reuse. It will be added to the 91st Avenue Wastewater Treatment Plant southwest of downtown and purify 60 million gallons per day — enough water for about 200,000 households per year.

Shortage Solution: Why you shouldn’t fear toilet-to-tap water

The new supply from the purification facility could replace half of what Phoenix gets from the Colorado River water each year, although Phoenix doesn’t intend to keep the water all for itself.

I am a little afraid of toilet water in my tap water.

This man is in the process of developing whole house products to give us peace of mind (AZ toilet water to our faucets).

Silver-coated alumina.

We are currently utilizing this technology on our clarify reverse osmosis unit.

30 Boyett’s family water treatment clients are currently utilizing this technology.

This Claire technologies inventor and company leader is proposing that we utilize this silver coated alumina at your point of entry to make sure no E.Coli, coliform or pathogens get to your utility or drinking water.

As I understand from the founder of Claire Technologies; if we attach this to the point of entry of your home – Boyett’s family will provide you peace of mind (no E.Coli, no pathogens; no coliform) will sneak through to your water supply.

What should we call this?

For our Arizona:

“It’s a new bucket for us,” Mayor Kate Gallego told The Arizona Republic in an exclusive interview. “For a lot of my life, I’ve been thinking about where you get that next bucket from, so it’s exciting.”

Finding new water sources is critical for central Arizona, which has long relied on the Colorado River for its drinking water — and heavily. It’s 40% of Phoenix’s and Mesa’s water portfolios.

But the river is shrinking, and climate change combined with overuse has led to historic water shortages that affect not only Arizona but California and Nevada, too. Some Valley cities have raised water rates and have begun cutting back on water usage in response.

Politics exacerbates the issue, too. The federal agreement that manages the river’s allocation expires in 2026, and a new agreement could mean less water for the Phoenix area than before.

Without a new supply, Arizona cities would be short of significant amounts of water and would likely have to dip into nonrenewable water supplies, like groundwater, which isn’t sustainable. Residents could be affected, as cities would likely enter into more severe phases of their water shortage plans.

Reliable and sustainable water is crucial to the Valley’s economic outlook.

Failure to shore up more potable water also affects regional growth. A gigantic master-planned community slated for the far west suburb of Buckeye is in jeopardy after a report showed inadequate water to support it.

Phoenix’s water outlook is not as dire as Buckeye’s, but the more it reduces its reliance on the Colorado River, the more breathing room it and other cities stand to potentially gain.

A Water Standoff:6 Colorado River states submit a plan to cut water use, but California says ‘no deal’

While Scottsdale invested in an advanced water purification system in 2019, Phoenix is the first city to move to directly reuse effluent for drinking purposes on a mass scale. Scottsdale does not direct its purified wastewater into the drinking water system, according to its website.

Other cities, such as Peoria, engage in indirect reuse, which sends treated wastewater back into the ground for natural filtration before being pumped out for drinking purposes.

Arizonans have long been drinking purified wastewater, but Phoenix’s announcement means residents will drink wastewater solely purified by a plant, not a plant and the ground.

The advanced water purification technology in Phoenix, according to Water Resource Director Troy Hayes, would clean wastewater, or effluent, repeatedly to ensure it’s up to drinking standards set by the state.

It would undergo ozone treatment, which disinfects the water by killing “pathogenic organisms to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases,” according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Then the water would undergo granular activated carbon treatment, for odor, smell and chemicals. Lastly, it would go through ultrafiltration or reverse osmosis for bacteria.

The water would be monitored by sensors and tested at the end to ensure quality and discharged to the river if it failed, Hayes said.

Conserving: Metro Phoenix cities start cutting back on water use as Arizona’s largest water source struggles

City Officials Tout Reliability of Purifying Recycled Water

Phoenix’s water resources management adviser Cynthia Campbell said unlike Colorado River water, which can be disrupted by drought and political agreements outside Phoenix’s control, direct potable reuse is a stable supply. That’s because residents’ indoor water usage has remained level the past five years, according to the city’s Water Resources Master Plan.

“We almost know with exact science exactly how much wastewater we’re going to get because it’s been so stable over the years,” Campbell said.

That doesn’t mean Phoenix isn’t encouraging conservation, Campbell says. She wants households to reduce their water use, but the focus is mostly on outdoor uses, like reducing grass or water-intensive plants.

‘Failure is not an option’:Colorado River states would share water cuts under new plan

Hayes said the city’s next step is figuring out which cities want to buy in.

Mesa is one.

“Our (Colorado River) allotments are in jeopardy. The price of water is going up every year,” Mesa Mayor John Giles said. “Finding new buckets of water is a challenge that we all share. So we very much are in support of participating.”

Giles said Phoenix and Mesa could potentially pipe wastewater and purified water to each other, but a more likely scenario might be a water exchange, where Mesa buys into the plant but takes some of Phoenix’s Colorado River water instead of the purified water, which would then stay with Phoenix.

opens a pasture gate while feeding his cattle at his ranch in Pinedale, Wyoming, on March 27, 2022. Snow and water from the Colorado’s headwater grow his hay. “When it falls here, it’s our water,” he said.

The 91st Avenue Wastewater Treatment Plant is co-owned by Phoenix, Mesa, Tempe, Glendale and Scottsdale. Hayes said as many as 10 Valley cities could benefit from the new facility.

Phoenix officials did not provide details on exact costs of the facility, saying only that it would be in the billions and that the size and number of municipalities that pay in will determine that.

Funding is expected to come from the federal government and the state Water Infrastructure Finance Authority, which received a $1 billion infusion last summer in an unsuccessful attempt by then-Gov. Doug Ducey to fund a desalination plant in Mexico.

Gallego pitched the advanced water purification system as a necessary step in shoring up the Valley’s water supply and ensuring Arizona takes advantage of the federal funding that has been made available for water projects such as these.

President Joe Biden’s 2021 Bipartisan Infrastructure Law set aside $8.3 billion for water projects in the West — $550 million of which is intended for mass-scale water recycling projects.

“If we didn’t have this project, so much of that money would go to California, which is further along in their water treatment facility investment,” Gallego said. “So far, they have gotten the lion’s share of the federal dollars, but this project helps us get our fair share.”

The remaining costs will be paid for by water ratepayers in the cities that make use of the plant.

Currently, the majority of wastewater from the 91st Avenue plant goes toward cooling the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Plant, which won’t change. Wastewater will also go to the Tres Rios Wetlands, and later the Salt River, though less of it.

Well, it sounds like our local political leadership is doing a good job providing us water.  We can only live several days without water, but is it the water that you want to drink and wash your face?

We’d like to provide you peace of mind.

Sources and resources:

I give all the credit for our content to these sources.  We do not take any credit.  All the credit goes to them.

Phoenix to Build Multibillion Dollar Purification Plant to Make Wastewater Drinkable by 2030 | ORION INVESTMENT REAL ESTATE (

in an article

Exclusive lab tests show toxic ‘forever’ chemicals in America’s tap water

Toxic “forever” chemicals are seeping into the water Americans drink every day. The more we learn about the potential health impacts of these chemicals, the more serious the problem becomes. As the EPA takes bold steps to try to limit PFAS contamination, Spotlight on America conducted a series of exclusive lab tests and discovered just how widespread the contamination of America’s water system is.

The PFAS Problem

You can’t see or taste them, but there are more than 12,000 chemicals that could be lurking in your drinking water, causing everything from birth defects to cancer. Broadly known as PFAS, short for Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances, these are dangerous man-made toxins that never break down, build up in our blood and organs, and could damage the health of millions.

PFAS originated in the 1940s, when the DuPont company introduced nonstick cookware coated with Teflon using the chemicals. 3M would later become a lead manufacturer of products containing PFAS, touted for being non-stick, stain repellent and waterproof. They would also contribute to a public health crisis we are still seeing develop today. Because PFAS chemicals are so durable, they don’t break down. They’re often referred to as “forever chemicals” because they’re nearly impossible to eliminate from the environment. They also accumulate in our body from a variety of sources.

PFAS chemicals are ubiquitous in our lives. They’ve been found recently in baby clothes and dog food packaging, and are known to exist in makeup, non-stick cookware and dental floss.

People can be exposed to PFAS in a number of ways, from eating contaminated food, breathing air containing PFAS, and drinking water polluted with the toxins.

Currently, much attention is focused on drinking water, as communities across the country are learning these hazardous chemicals can seep into their water supplies from a number of sources, including industry discharge, landfills, and airports and military bases, due to the long-term use of a firefighting foam that contains PFAS and has leeched into the groundwater.

There’s emerging science when it comes to the health risks associated with PFAS exposure. According to the EPA, peer-reviewed studies have shown that exposure to certain levels of PFAS may lead to:

  • Reproductive effects such as decreased fertility or increased high blood pressure in pregnant women.
  • Developmental effects or delays in children, including low birth weight, accelerated puberty, bone variations, or behavioral changes.
  • Increased risk of some cancers, including prostate, kidney, and testicular cancers.
  • Reduced ability of the body’s immune system to fight infections, including reduced vaccine response.
  • Interference with the body’s natural hormones.
  • Increased cholesterol levels and/or risk of obesity.

Children are believed to be more sensitive to the harmful effects of PFAS, because they are continuing to develop. According to the EPA, some people may have higher exposures to PFAS, including people who live near PFAS-producing facilities. Pregnant and lactating women tend to drink more water than the average person, and as a result, they may have higher PFAS exposure if PFAS is present in their water.

Federal health officials are currently focused on just a small handful of the 12,000 PFAS chemicals out there. They’ve zoomed in on a pair of harmful chemicals, and just this summer, proposed dramatically reducing the level that would be considered safe. The level of PFOA, one PFAS chemical, once considered safe, was 70 parts per trillion. Now, the EPA is proposing slashing that to .004 parts per trillion, a reduction of more than 99.99%.

With that reduction in mind, we set out to obtain a new set of data when it comes to drinking water.

Exclusive Tap Water Tests

As the EPA continues to review PFAS chemicals and draft more stringent restrictions on their levels in water, there is increasing interest in the scientific community over just how contaminated US drinking water sources may be.

So we decided to test what’s coming out of taps, from suburban homes and city businesses to the halls of government.

We collected samples at 11 locations in Maryland, Virginia, and in Washington, DC, including at the US Capitol and inside the lobby of the EPA.

We sent the tests to Suburban Labs, one of a handful of specialized labs across the country that is certified to test for 18 PFAS chemicals.

More than a third of our samples contained PFOA, (Perfluorooctanoic Acid) generally viewed by experts as one of the most serious PFAS chemicals. In two of our tests in suburban Virginia homes, the levels of PFOA were more than 12-hundred times higher than the EPA’s proposed advisory level of .004 parts per trillion.

These advisory levels, measured in parts per trillion concentrations, are values at which the EPA believes adverse health effects are not anticipated to occur over a specific period of time. The EPA says its health advisory levels are designed to “protect people from adverse health effects resulting from exposure throughout their lives to contaminants in drinking water.”

The current level – which is based on what scientists tell us are outdated models when lower detection was not possible and less was known about PFOA and PFOS (Perfluorooctane Sulfonate) – is 70 parts per trillion. New, dramatically lower levels, based on the EPA’s suggestion of .004 parts per trillion, are expected to be settled upon in the coming months.

To get a better understanding of our findings, we brought our results to Dr. Linda Birnbaum, a leading toxicologist and expert on PFAS. She is the former Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and spent 19 years at the EPA, where she directed the largest division focusing on environmental health research.

While there are more than 12,000 PFAS chemicals, labs are only capable of testing for a tiny fraction of them. And there’s constantly new data emerging about the dangers of PFAS. After reviewing our test results, we asked Birnbaum what she found most troubling.

“That they’re everywhere,” she said. “That you’re seeing these chemicals, essentially, everywhere. “And I think it’s not just one chemical, it’s several chemicals that are pretty much in almost every sample that you took. The levels are low, which is the good news, but they’re still there.”

One of the chemicals we detected that she was perhaps most concerned about is called PFHxS. We found it in the tap water of two Maryland homes. “That one really concerns me because there are growing amounts of animal and human data showing that PFHxS may be every bit as bad as, say, PFOS and PFOA and it lasts in our bodies for a longer period of time,” said Birnbaum.

Another PFAS chemical that we found in nearly every sample, including at the Capitol and EPA, is called PFHxA. It’s a large sub-set of PFAS – and while there are no bans on it in the United States, it is on the cusp of having restrictions on all of its uses in the European Union. The European Chemicals Agency’s Committee on Risk Assessment recently endorsed such restrictions because of PFHxA’s persistence in the environment and harmful effects on the human reproductive system. A recent study found PFHxA and other PFAS, in breast milk.

According to a 2020 study by the Environmental Working Group, PFAS is likely detectable in all major water supplies in the U.S. In a sampling of water from 44 places in 31 states, EWG found the toxic chemicals in tap water in every state it tested and the District of Columbia. Consistent with what we found in our tests, each EWG sample with detectable levels contained six or seven PFAS compounds.

A Local Tragedy

Beth Markesino ran at least three miles every day as she trained for marathons. That meant drinking copious amounts of tap water from her home in Wilmington, North Carolina.

She never imagined that the water she was guzzling could have been contaminated with PFAS.

Then, tragedy struck her family. Six years ago, Beth’s son Samuel died shortly after birth. He had failed to develop a kidney or bladder, problems that some studies have linked to PFAS exposure. Beth believes the chemicals in drinking water are linked to Samuel’s death.

She says doctors did genetic testing on Samuel and found no medical reason for his fatal birth defects.

She never imagined that the water she was guzzling could have been contaminated with PFAS.

Then, tragedy struck her family. Six years ago, Beth’s son Samuel died shortly after birth. He had failed to develop a kidney or bladder, problems that some studies have linked to PFAS exposure. Beth believes the chemicals in drinking water are linked to Samuel’s death.

She says doctors did genetic testing on Samuel and found no medical reason for his fatal birth defects.

She never imagined that the water she was guzzling could have been contaminated with PFAS.

Then, tragedy struck her family. Six years ago, Beth’s son Samuel died shortly after birth. He had failed to develop a kidney or bladder, problems that some studies have linked to PFAS exposure. Beth believes the chemicals in drinking water are linked to Samuel’s death.

She says doctors did genetic testing on Samuel and found no medical reason for his fatal birth defects.

Meanwhile, scientists and journalists uncovered that massive quantities of PFAS chemicals had been dumped into the Cape Fear River, which supplies drinking water to more than 300,000 people in the Wilmington, North Carolina area.

“I’m not a scientist. I’m a stay at home mom,” said Markesino. “But I was a pissed off stay at home mom to find out that the water I was drinking, that I thought was clean, was toxic and full of these chemicals.”

Beth credits scientists for work that would raise public awareness and trigger action – like community intervention, improved water treatment facilities and lawsuits to hold polluters responsible.

“PFAS passes from the placenta to the fetus, that’s what happened to my son,” she said. “And I’ve always had that question in the back of my mind, but it’s because of these scientists that we have this research that we can give to our community members to let them know the health effects of these chemicals.”

According to a class action lawsuit,The Chemours company, a spin-off of DuPont, the original maker of PFAS chemicals, “willfully, wantonly, recklessly and negligently” discharged toxic chemicals, including PFAS compounds GenX, PFOS and PFOA into the river for decades.

A Nationwide Problem

By some estimates, 200 million Americans nationwide are likely drinking water polluted with these chemicals, and PFAS has been detected in the blood of 98% of our population.

Are the pfas (forever chemicals) in your Phoenix Metro ; East Valley AZ h2o?


Here is what you can do.


11870 Chromium Brochure (

Here is a topic dear to my heart because it brings in 66,000 jobs to AZ every year.  Golf utilizes only 2% of AZ h2o resources.

Why doesn’t Phoenix do something about golf courses and others who use a lot of water?

Golf courses and many other businesses, not only are vital to our economy, but they use some of the most highly advanced watering systems available. After all, they need to look out for their bottom line. Additionally, many Valley golf courses use non-potable water, such as non-drinkable well water and reclaimed water, which is highly treated wastewater, to water their turf areas. Golf courses are an asset that contributes heavily to the draw for tourism in the Valley, which, in turn, creates jobs and helps keep the economy healthy. In total, golf course water use constitutes less than three percent of total water delivered by the city of Phoenix .

Professional turf managers use real-time data to assess how much moisture is lost from turf areas each day and how much is put back. That same grass management data is available to all citizens. The Arizona Republic newspaper reports on water needs daily on the weather page, and there is a website to help you plan watering schedules for your lawn and plants. You can create a personal lawn watering guide by visiting the AZMET website. There also are a variety of materials available through the water conservation office which you can request electronically or by calling us at (602) 261-8367.

In the future, a drought surcharge could be imposed to charge people according to the amount of water they use each month.

Leather britches and whiskey before breakfast at the salt river Indian community with DG – YouTube

The golfing industry is one of great intrigue to me.  Here are my attachments:

  • When I visited Japan as a Christian missionary; the granddaughter of Karsten Solheim (founder of Ping) was on this trip.  Through the years we have kept in contact.
  • My cousin has worked at Ping for many years now (he is a famous golfer from the prestigious golf team at Oklahoma University – and still plays well).  My cousin loves Ping and is raising the ranks.
  • My great friend and associate D.G loves golf and conducts much business on the AZ greens.
  • I love AZ and I love people and I want to see my AZ people happy and I want to see our AZ economy thrive.

Golf + AZ + efficient use of our water =  Happy Hayden

Sources and resources:

sometimes it is the simple messages that I see that help direct my path.

Choose Life – 4 simple habits to feel your best.

Connection.  Do you have the social support you need?  Take time to call a friend, write a letter, or join someone for a walk or meal.  Don’t be afraid to ask for support.  Spiritual connection is also beneficial.  Research shows that contemplating God’s love and spending time in prayer reduces anxiety.

Hydration.  Are you drinking enough water (we recommend that you drink 1 gallon each day)?  Even mild dehydration can impair brain function and increase feelings of anxiety and fatigue.  Try to drink half your body weight in ounces each day (for me 217 pounds = .85 gallons).

Optimism.  Do you practice gratitude?  People who count their blessings tend to be healthier and more content.  Even if you struggle with depression, your brain will benefit from the simple practice of gratitude.  Each day, write down 3-5 things you’re grateful for.  This quick habit has lasting positive effects. 

  1. I am grateful for our loyal and trusting customers
  2. I am grateful to my wonderful staff
  3. I am grateful to be in a loving relationship with a wonderful mate (V)
  4. I am grateful to continue my parent’s water treatment legacy
  5. I am grateful to support the principles of the American Constitution ‘and seek it’s continuance as our founding fathers intended – freedom’

 Oxygen.  Are you breathing deeply?  Deep breathing helps you relax,  diminishing the harmful effects of the stress hormone cortisol.  Take a few minutes each day to breathe slowly and deeply.  Breathe in through your nose for 2-4 seconds, and expand your stomach while your chest remains still.  Exhale slowly from your mouth.


What is hard water and water softening?

According to the U.S Geologic Survey, 85 percent of the United States has to cope with hard water, which is water with excessive levels of calcium and magnesium.  While hard water is not considered to be unhealthy for people to drink, it can be very unhealthy for household plumbing, cleaning processes, and water-using appliances.  The minerals present in hard water can accumulate in the form of hard scale which build up and eventually clog pipes and damage water-using appliances.  These minerals also affect the ability of soap to clean kitchen and bath surfaces, dishwasher, and laundry.

The problems associated with hard water have been known for quite some time. 

Earlier generations coined the phrase “hard water” because they found it hard to clean.  They collected soft rainwater in a barrel to be used in laundering and other cleaning operations – which is hardly an option in the modern world of indoor plumbing and automatic washing machines.  Some water utilities offer municipal softening, but water treated in this manner typically falls short of being soft water.  It is generally left up to the home or business owner to find their own solutions to the hard water problem.


Water review.  A publication of the Water Quality Research Council.  Consumer Report volume 10, No 1 1995

Our soft water process can now be added to these products:

These units must be exchanged every five years to prevent contamination of your water (granular activated media will reach a saturation point and begin adding contaminants to the water if not replaced).

Sources and resources:

We can only live several days without water (water is our source of life – our life source for our exitance).  Delicious, quenching water is our life source for the future. 

In this article

 93% of that water is treated and then reused in some way.

Our valley is now 6 million people; according to Arizona Public Service our valley will grow to 12 million people in 15 years.  We live in the desert and our water is scarce.  More of our drinking water will be recycled sewage water (toilet water to your tap). 

In sewage water we have E.Coli, Coliform and Pathogens.

The future water you drink will come from treated sewage water.

E. co·li

/ē ˈkōlī/


  • 1.a bacterium commonly found in the intestines of humans and other animals, some strains of which can cause severe food poisoning.

Is e.coli found in sewage water?

  • Escherichia coli or E. coli is a type of fecal coliform bacteria that is commonly found in the intestines of animals and humans. E. coli in water is a strong indicator of sewage or animal waste contamination. Sewage and animal waste can contain many types of disease-causing organisms.

E.coli is found in sewage water.

Can drinking water that contains e.coli kill you?

  • Take E. coli bacteria seriously when found in drinking water. Some E.coli can make you sick or even cause death.

How do you kill e.coli in your water?

Since E. coli is a biological contaminant, the best way to kill it is to install a UV light water purification system.


Water softener alternative

Water filtration system

Whole House Water Filtration Systems

We provide clean, filtered water for your entire home.

About Boyett’s family Water treatment

At Boyett’s family water treatment we take pride in several principles that define our company. These principles set us apart in the business world and allow us continued success.

Boyett’s family water treatment service has been manufacturing and installing water treatment products for residential, commercial, and industrial applications since 1966. We are second generation, family-owned, and treat all employees as part of our Boyett’s family.

Our factory has been in the same Mesa Arizona since 1966. We have expanded our manufacturing capacity and workforce to meet the growing demand for our products.

Salt Free Water Softener Benefits

High-Quality Water for Your Entire Life and home

Our whole house water treatment service is maintenance-free and environmentally friendly. Reduce scale buildup in your home without extra costs or additives. Extend the lifespan of your water-based appliances and pipes – without adding salt or potassium to your water.  Every five years we exchange your water treatment equipment free of charge.

Protect your instements

No Scale build up

Reduce scale on water heaters, appliances, glass and fixtures.

Zero Maintenance

We provide maintenance-free filtration that lasts for 5 years.  We exchange your water treatment equipment every 5 years at no charge.

Our Mother Earth will tell you thank you.

Protect your investment – no scale buildup

Reduce scale in your water heater, appliances, glass and fixtures.

Hassle-free zero maintenance

We provide maintenance-free filtration that lasts for years.  On average, we exchange your unit every 5 years at no cost.  It is important to have the media inside your water unit changed at least every five years.  We perform this at no charge.

In a posting on the National Library of medicine:

Microbiological contamination of drinking water in a commercial household water filter system

F D Daschner 1H RüdenR SimonJ Clotten

Affiliations expand

  • PMID: 8740859


The microbiological quality of filtered water in a commercial water filter system (Brita) was tested in households and in two laboratories. In 24 of 34 filters used in households, bacterial counts increased in the filtered water up to 6,000 cfu/ml. In 4 of 6 filters tested in the laboratory, bacterial counts in the fresh filtrate were higher than in tap water after approximately one week of use both at room temperature and at 4 degrees C, suggesting growth or biofilm formation in the filter material. In some cases colony counts in the filtered water were 10,000 times those in tap water. The filter material of 5 of 13 new commercial filters was contaminated with bacteria or molds. National or international regulatory agencies should ensure that water filters marketed for domestic use do not allow deterioration in the microbiological quality of drinking water.

If your whole-house water system does not get exchanged and completely replaced, it may contaminate your water.

Mother nature says Thanks for being eco-friendly

Our systems save energy by helping your appliances run more efficiently.  It does not waste excess water or discharge salt into the ground (just ask for the salt-free model).  



Salt-free softening means salt is not added to your water, unlike traditional water softeners which require constant maintenance and salt exchange.

Salt-Free Water Softener Benefits

Water Softener Alternative

What is a Water Softener Alternative?

Traditional water softeners use salt to soften and condition the water, but do not filter your water. Our water softener alternative is a salt-free solution to reduce scale buildup and filter your water. Turn on any faucet and have clean, delicious high quality water.

Our salt-free water softener alternative retains healthy minerals while removing chlorine and chloramines.

Boyett’s family Water Systems are maintenance-free. You won’t have to buy salt bags, change filters.

Our whole house water filter

11870 Chromium Brochure (

in combination with

Fluoride Filter + Granular Activated Filter – Boyett’s Family Water Treatment (

This is our ultimate protection package that destroys over 99.99% of all bacteria, viruses, and cysts.

Optimize your water by combining our filtering system, scale reducer, and our anti-bacterial filter. No salt, no maintenance!

Retain healthy minerals in your water with our Elite Filter. Reduce hard water problems and scale buildup with our whole-house chromium filter and our whole-house fluoride filter.

 Taste and Feel the Difference

Salt-Free Water Softener Benefits

High-Quality Water for Your Entire Home

Our whole-house water softener alternative is maintenance-free and environmentally friendly. Reduce scale buildup in your home without extra costs or additives. Extend the lifespan of your water-based appliances and pipes – without adding salt or potassium to your water.

Salt-free softening means salt is not added to your water, unlike traditional water softeners which require constant maintenance and salt exhange.

These are a couple of other alternatives for salt-free whole-house filtration:

9679 Whole House Mercury (

6412 Lead Removal (

Why are small family business managers inspired to read Built to last (about enduring great companies ‘like Wells Fargo; Disney; Nike’)?  These companies set a high standard of values and performance that we are compelled to try and live up to.  The big companies like Hewlett Packard did not start as giants; they started like Brian and Roberta Boyett.  They built small, cash-strapped enterprises into the world’s most enduring and successful corporations.  To know they did it gives me confidence and a model to follow.

We crave time-tested fundamentals; no ‘fad of the year’ management thinking.  We are constantly going back to the basics that Brian and Roberta Boyett lead to us by example.

As our small family business is transitioning away from water-wasting ‘salt guzzling’ electric units; we read Built to last (written by Jim Collins) to bring about productive change without destroying the bedrock of my parent’s great company.  We are asking ourselves today this question: What do we stand for and why do we exist?

Answer: to provide you safe delicious water that is affordable and convenient (and good for Arizona).  Our onus is to preserve our Arizona water by searching out and implementing the most advanced water-saving water treatment technology that is the best for our clients (most affordable and most convenient).    This is our timeless core value and enduring purpose (our promise to you is this will never change).

Our operating practices and business strategies will be constantly changing to respond to our changing Arizona population problems and water toxicity and drinking water contamination challenges to give you peace of mind.  

Why should I get a water softener for my residence in Phoenix Metro and the East Valley of Arizona?

Our Bossy likes to drink toilet water – do you?

Bossy is our stray that walked in our office one day like he owned the place.  He is welcome anytime (most days he visits and hangs out with us).

We provide Bossy with the best water in the world; however, he sometimes chooses the toilet water and Boyett’s family water treatment.

82 % of your drinking water is treated wastewater.

There is cement in our Phoenix and East Valley water.

Two of the most important constituencies in cement are Calcium and Magnesium.  These are two important ingredients in Phx AZ and East Valley AZ water.

More than 90 percent of our water supply is surface water that originates as snow in the mountains north and east of Phoenix. As the snow melts, it flows into reservoirs on the Colorado, Salt, and Verde rivers.

In Phoenix Metro AZ and East Valley Arizona the water comes from far away: falls from the sky as a pure water molecule – seeks to attract molecules ‘it is in the nature of a pure thing’: some of these are cement.  When these water molecules arrive at your home – they contain the constituencies of cement.  It will clog your pipes and make your skin itchy.

What is hard water and water softening?

According to the U.S. geologic survey, 85 percent of the United States has to cope with hard water, which is water with excessive levels of calcium and magnesium.  Hard water is unhealthy for your plumbing (clogs your plumbing with cement), cleaning processes (cement deposits everywhere and it is hard to clean up – makes your home look hard and spotty), and water–using appliances (freezes the motor in your clothes washer; clogs the water in your dishwasher; makes your water heater fill with sediment).   Hard water/cement in your water causes your fixtures to clog up.   The minerals present in hard water can accumulate in the form of hard scale which can build up and eventually clog your pipes and damage your water-using appliances.  These minerals also affect the ability of soap to clean kitchen and bath surfaces, dishware, and laundry. 

The problems associated with hard water have been known for quite some time.  Earlier generations coined the phrase “hard water” because they found it hard to clean.  They collected soft rainwater in a barrel to be used in laundering and other cleaning operations – which is hardly an option in the modern world of indoor plumbing and automatic washing machines. 

What is hard water /cement in your water?

The U.S. Department of the Interior classifies hardness based on the grains per gallon (gpg) concentration of hardness minerals. To put this in perspective, a typical aspirin equals about five grains of material.  If the aspirin were dissolved in a gallon of water it would add 5 gpg of “aspirin” to the water.  Where hardness is concerned, water containing 1-3.5 gpg of the hardness minerals calcium and/or magnesium is classified as slightly hard; water in the 3.5-7 gpg range is considered to be moderately hard; at 7.0-10.5 gpg water is considered to be hard; and very hard water is classified as water with concentrations greater than 10.5 gpg.  Soft water has a hardness of less than 1 gpg.  How hard is your water in the Phoenix metro area of Arizona; how hard is your water in the East Valley area of Arizona?  Ladies and gentleman; your AZH2O in the Phoenix metro area of Arizona is very hard and your water in the East Valley area of Arizona is hard.   Your hard water will have very discernable effects on these areas of your home:

Your bathing will be awful (dry hair, dry skin; your skin will itch all day long and your scalp will itch all day long)

Your pipes will clog up and corrode and weaken gradually.

Noticeably shortened life of household pipes, plumbing fixtures (like faucets and toilet flushing units), and water-using appliances.

Hard water can waste and cost you hundreds of dollars in hard costs to maintain your home (your skin – putting lotions and potions) and your wasted dollars in cleaning up the cement in your home.  Do you clean your own home (with soft water; this will save you time and energy – you can be reading and walking and playing your musical instrument)?   If you have a water softener your life will benefit in these areas:

Your laundry will look better; feel better – it feels softer (your whites will be whiter; your colors will be brighter)

Your water heater efficiency will improve and work better (your water will be hotter longer).

Your house will look better (less time cleaning and less cost cleaning)

Your water- using appliance will last longer; perform better and they will work more efficiently

Hard water is a waste of your time and precious resources. 

The solution to your hard water problem is very simple

This is a water softener unit (also whole house carbon filter) that we build exclusively for you; we perform the installation at your residence and we exchange this every five years (water softeners and whole house carbon filters must be exchanged in Arizona every 5 years at no charge (the chlorine level is so high in our AZH2O – this high level of chlorine will disintegrate the media inside your water treatment equipment).

PFAS Whole House Carbon Filtration – Boyett’s Family Water Treatment (

Your only responsibility is to add salt occasionally (approximately 1 bag every 3-8 weeks).  If you have any problems with this unit – we will fix them free of charge. 

The Battelle Study began in 2009 when the Water Quality Research Foundation (WQRF), the research arm of the Water Quality Assn. (WQA), contracted the services of the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio, to examine how much energy savings household water softeners can provide.

The study and its results have provided the industry with an independent, scientifically based endorsement, confirming that water softeners increase energy efficiency and extend the life of household appliances and fixtures.

“We have known from studies done in the 1980s that softened water will save energy in heating water,” said Joe Harrison, P.E., CWS-VI, technical director for the WQA. “Now the Department of Energy says that heating water accounts for 14% to 25% of the energy consumed in your home. The Water Quality Research Foundation (WQRF) wanted to update the data on energy savings with softened water in modern water heaters and the new instantaneous tankless water heaters.”

This article will discuss the basic findings of the study and various strategies for maximizing its marketing potential.


The independent institute developed and carried out tests evaluating the cost and energy use associated with heating hard water versus softened water.

Over a period of nine months, accelerated scale tests were carried out to simulate twelve years of use.

The project also examined the subsequent effect of hard water on the performance capabilities of fixtures and appliances such as faucets, low-flow showerheads, dishwashers and clothes washers.

With the data gathered from the water heater efficiency tests and fixture performance tests, the institute developed a differential carbon footprint assessment for homes that use softened water versus homes that use unsoftened water.

Water Heaters

Testing: Tests comparing the efficiency of hard versus softened water in water heaters included 10 units each of gas, electric and tankless water heaters. Five of each kind were tested with a water softener, and five of each kind were tested without a water softener.

Thermal efficiency was calculated by measuring the inlet and outlet temperature at 15-second intervals, measuring the amount of hot water and measuring the amount of energy required to produce the hot water. The thermal efficiency was measured at the beginning of the study and at one-week intervals in order to track any change in efficiency as scale built up.

Results: For all water heaters on soft water, “efficiency remained essentially constant over the duration of the testing,” according to the study.

None of the water heaters on unsoftened water lasted until the end of the test—the outlet piping (1/2-in. copper pipe, a needle valve and solenoid valve—were blocked with scale buildup).

The average rate of scale buildup in the gas storage water heaters on unsoftened water was 528 grams per year, compared to 7 grams per year on softened water. The average rate of scale buildup in the electric storage water heaters was 907 grams per year on unsoftened water, compared to 14 grams per year on softened water.

Fixtures & Appliances

Low-Flow Showerheads: Five low-flow showerheads were tested on unsoftened water and five were tested on softened water. The showerheads on softened water performed well throughout testing, while the showerheads on unsoftened water clogged after an average of 3,203 gal of flow.

Low-Flow Faucets: Ten low-flow faucets were also installed, five tested on softened water and five tested on unsoftened water. Again, the fixtures on soft water performed well, while the faucets on unsoftened water clogged after the equivalent of 19 days of flow, estimating an average household water usage of 50 gal of hot water per day.

Dishwashers and Clothes Washers: To test the effect of unsoftened water on the performance of these household appliances, six KitchenAid dishwashers and General Electric clothes washers were purchased. After 30 days of testing and 240 wash cycles, the appliances using unsoftened water had “noticeable scale buildup,” according to the report, while the units using soft water looked like “they could be cleaned up to look like new with just a quick wipe down.”

Carbon Footprint

Battelle determined the carbon footprint of the water heaters by examining energy consumption within the home and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions. They found that where there are energy efficiency differences between the equipment, there were also carbon footprint differences.

For a storage-type gas water heater, there was a 14.8% carbon footprint reduction over a 15-year service life with softened water, taking into account the natural gas used for heating the water as well as electricity used for water softening. For instantaneous water heaters, there was a carbon-footprint reduction of 4.4% over a 15-year service life.

Now What?

The importance of the information from the Battelle Study is that it provides hard data from an objective, independent organization that speaks to both legislators and consumers. Legislators have told the water softening industry to focus on numbers, not “soft benefits,” and the Battelle study does just that. Utilizing this information well also is an effective way to address energy efficiency, a top consumer concern.

The presentation on marketing the study at WQA Aquatech USA 2010 emphasized the importance of the industry speaking with a single voice when presenting the information from the study. This provides a consistent message and lends authority to the presentation, rather than co-opting the best statistics and using them for brand promotion or petty attacks on the competition.

WQA members will have access to marketing materials with the study results that are most relevant to consumers. Consumer outreach will be done through the WQA website, media blasts and various educational materials provided to WQA retail members, dealers and manufacturers and suppliers. WQRF ads are available for members and business imprint and print-on-demand sell sheets will be available.

“We feel with the Battelle Study results that water softeners can rightfully be positioned as one of the very highest energy-saving and best ‘green’ technology appliances that a homeowner can own,” Harrison concluded.

Legislative packets with the complete study will be ready to give to regulators, lobbyists and government officials, describing the benefits of hardness removal through ion exchange.

What are the most important takeaways from the data? The WQA suggests an acronym to get across the most important points of the message: “FEEL the Benefits of Soft Water:”

  • Function: No clogged faucets;
  • Efficiency: Appliances are more energy-efficient;
  • Extended Life: Appliances and plumbing last longer; and
  • Look: Fixtures and appliances won’t tarnish or stain.

On the Horizon

More research projects are on the agenda for the WQRF.

We are now conducting a laundry and dishwashing study regarding the effects of softened water relative to cleaning, soap and detergent usage and water temperatures,” Harrison said, “to be completed in 2011.”

dishwashing. Detergent savings up to 70 percent was observed for dishwashing when softened water was used compared to hard water. Depending on the soiling, hardness reduction was found to be up to 12 times more effective at removal with soft water (saves our AZH2O water).

Depending on the stain, hardness reduction was up to 100 times more effective at stain removal than increasing temperature or increasing detergent dose.3. Softening water will help you look better and feel better and help you make more money.  Soft water will help you get along with your spouse and kids better.

When water of any hardness is softened prior to its use in washing, the detergent use can be reduced by 50% and the washing can be carried out in 60ºF cold water instead of 100ºF hot water and achieve the same or better stain removal yielding whiter clothes.

Detergent Savings for the Dishwasher Detergent savings up to 70% was observed for dishwashing when softened water was used compared to hard water. See the graph below showing the percent savings at each hardness level. Depending on the soil, hardness reduction was found to be up to 12 times more effective at soil removal than increasing detergent dose. Hardness reduction was ~6 times more effective at reducing spotting and twice as effective at reducing filming as increasing detergent usage.

Carbon Footprint The carbon footprint increases 18% for gas storage tank water heaters when operated on 26 grains per gallon of hard water for 15 years as compared to the same operation on softened water. For instantaneous-type natural gas water heaters, this same carbon footprint increases 4% when operated on 26 grains per gallon of hard water versus 0 grains per gallon of softened water over 15 years.

Showerheads on hard water lost 75% of the flow rate in less than 18 months of simulated normal operation. Faucets on hard water could not maintain the specified 1.25 gallons per minute flow rate because of scale collection of the strainers.1 Gas Storage Tank Water Heaters Each 5 grains per gallon of water hardness causes a 4% loss in efficiency and 4% increase in cost of energy in gas storage tank water heaters when using 50 gallons of hot water per day.1 Tankless Water Heaters The economic savings of softened water with instantaneous tankless water heaters can lead to recovery of the cost of a water softener and operating supplies in a period as short as a year. Softened water saves 40% of costs compared to operating on 20 grains per gallon of water hardness and saves 57% compared to operating on 30 grains per gallon hard water.

Electric Water Heaters Up to 30 pounds of calcium carbonate rocklike scale deposits can accumulate in electric water heaters. Each 5 grains per gallon of water hardness caused 0.4 pounds of scale accumulation each year in electric storage tank water heaters.

BENEFITS OF REMOVAL OF WATER HARDNESS (CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM IONS) FROM A WATER SUPPLY The impact of softened or hard water (unsoftened) on the performance of household devices has been studied by two independent laboratories. The first study tested showerheads and 3 different types of water heaters fed with softened and unsoftened water under controlled laboratory conditions to quantify the performance efficiency. The study also calculated the effect on carbon footprint of unsoftened and softened water. The laundry study investigated stain removal with varying levels of hardness, detergent dose, and temperature. The detergent study investigated the relationship between hardness and detergent dose, and included tests for removing difficult soils in addition to the spot and film evaluation.

Future studies may examine cation ratio effects on septic tank performance, which may address regulator concerns about water softener discharges to septic tank wastewater systems, as well as treated drinking water in place of sugary drinks, which may tie into the issue of lowering obesity levels in children.

What about a no salt option to treat my water?

11870 Chromium Brochure (

The above method (utilizing a whole house chromium filter is a very popular method to provide you delicious drinking water throughout the house).

The chromium filter will not provide you soft water.

The only way to provide you soft water is by utilizing cation resin and salt.

What is the main ingredient of the water softener?

It is a material called cation resin.

An ion-exchange resin or ion-exchange polymer is an insoluble matrix (or support structure) normally in the form of small (1–2 mm diameter) beads, usually white or yellowish, fabricated from an organic polymer substrate. The material has a highly developed structure of pores on the surface which are sites with easily trapped and released ions. The trapping of ions takes place only with the simultaneous releasing of other ions; thus the process is called ion-exchange. There are multiple different types of ion-exchange resin that are fabricated to selectively prefer one or several different types of ions. However, most are made of sulfonated cross-linked polystyrene

Ion-exchange resins are widely used in different separation, purification, and decontamination processes. The most common examples are water softening and water purification. In many cases, ion-exchange resins were introduced in such processes as a more flexible alternative to the use of natural or artificial zeolites. Also, ion exchange resins are highly effective in the biodiesel filtration process.

Most typical ion-exchange resins are based on crosslinked polystyrene. The required active groups can be introduced after polymerization, or substituted monomers can be used. For example, crosslinking is often achieved by adding 0.5-25% of divinylbenzene to styrene during the polymerization process. Non-crosslinked polymers are used only rarely because they are less stable. Crosslinking decreases the ion-exchange capacity of the resin and prolongs the time needed to accomplish the ion-exchange processes. Particle size also influences the resin parameters; smaller particles have a larger outer surface but cause a larger head loss in the column processes.


This is a microscopic image of cation resin (the main cleaning ingredient of the water softener)

My water softener (in my home or business) is causing low water pressure – what can I do?

Have your cation resin checked and possibly replaced or replenished 5 years (depending on influent water and usage, and the condition of the cation resin). Here is a video/ slideshow that features a cation resin inspection project (Watch the video) In the Phoenix metro area of Arizona; we have determined the tipping point for cation resin to necessitate a change is approximately 5 years.

How can a water softener cause low pressure in my house?

The cation resin beads can fracture and clog the lower collector (which is the attachment connected to the distributor tube and prevents the cation resin beads from flowing into your home or business).

Answer #2:

Another occurrence that can take place to cause low pressure is when the lower collector breaks (the lower collector is attached to the bottom of the distributor tube). This will clog the fixtures and water-using appliances. This can be very tumultuous and very expensive. We have heard a story about a cation resin evacuation that caused $5,000.00 in damage.

Here is some more information regarding the cation resin evacuation into the home:

Here is an example of a lower collector which has broken:

September of 2011 our customer ( account #135970) experienced the cation resin flowing into their house when the lower collector broke. This broken lower collector is displayed in the picture above. Troy and Marco responded to this problem. They traveled to this home and cleaned out the cation resin.

Because this problem exists – our company invented a resin screen (this device is shown below)

We have prepared this bypass valve with a metal screen inside. The bypass valve is placed between the water softener (cation resin tank) and the customers home plumbing. This special bypass valve will prevent the cation resin from escaping into the home if the lower collector breaks.

Why rent a water softener rather than buying?

We have established our rental automatic water softener rates to save you over $1,000.00 (over a five year period). Since we utilize principles of recycling and good financial techniques we are able to proffer our clients a very economical rate to rent a water softener. We exchange this cation resin tank and valve every 5 years at no charge.

Cation resin is the best ingredient for removing the cement in your AZH2O.  This material must be exchanged every 5 years to prevent a catastrophe or chaos from ensuing in your home. 

Over the last 56 years that my family has been operating in the valley; we have developed some time-tested methods to provide you effective soft water, affordably and conveniently.  Boyett’s family water treatment methods will save you thousands of dollars every five years (my family will keep you thousands of dollars ahead at all times).  We exchange your whole house water softener and whole house filter every five years at no charge). 

What else is in my AZH2O?

Algae is in your azh2o.  Well, by the time the water gets to your home – much chlorine is also in your water. 

As I am fortunate to meet with about 20 new clients each week (in your beautiful homes) I many times will utilize my chlorine tester to determine the amount of chlorine in you water is as much as a swimming pool.

30% of your Phoenix metro AZ – East valley AZ h2o comes from the mighty Colorado river.  The Colorado river comes from 715 miles through the Grand Canyon.

The Colorado river carved the walls of the Grand Canyon.  If you look into the Grand Canyon you will see the Colorado River (the water is green).  The green color you see in the Colorado river water is algae.  I have been fortunate to hike to the bottom of the Grand Canyon twice – I rode a Mule down the third time.  I witnessed with my own eye balls; the Colorado river water is very green at the bottom of the Grand Canyon.

When the water reaches your local water treatment plant – your water is very green.

The reason you have so much chlorine in your drinking water (because the water is green at the bottom of the Grand canyon).

There are so many great bedroom communities to visit while you live in Arizona.  Lake Havasu is an example of a fabulous town along the path of the Colorado river.  If you visit this wonderful town and look over the London Bridge – you will see the Colorado river.  30% of the water that you see will be delivered to your drinking water tap.  The water you see at Lake Havasu is green.  The green you see is Algae. 

I recently visited the London Bridge in Lake Havasu and I saw the water is green there.  I took a video as I took my fiddle for a walk (destination fiddle walk).

  There is much chlorine in your Phoenix Metro AZ and East Valley Arizona drinking water – because there is algae in the Colorado water river water.  30 % of the Colorado river water flows to your water treatment plant.  Your water treatment plant operators must add chlorine to kill the algae. 

Is chlorine bad for your health?


Chlorine Is Bad for the Brain

Chlorine is in many household cleaners, it’s used as a fumigant, and, since it impedes the growth of bacteria like e. coli and giardia, and is often added to water systems as a disinfectant. Subsequently, much exposure happens by drinking treated tap water. While disinfection of drinking water is a necessary measure to reduce diseases, concerns have been raised about the safety of chlorine, which has been linked to serious adverse health effects, including dementia in elderly patients.[1]

Chlorine Is Bad for the Lungs

Inhalation of chlorine gas can cause difficulty breathing, chest pains, cough, eye irritation, increased heartbeat, rapid breathing, and death. Where are most people exposed? The swimming pool. Consider that, when used to maintain a swimming pool, chlorine is a poison that’s diluted just enough so that it can still kill pool scum without being strong enough to kill a human. Common sense dictates that can’t be a totally harmless situation and the research backs it up.

A review of available research (and there is a lot of it) by Marywood University confirms that long-term exposure to chlorinated pools can cause symptoms of asthma in swimmers.[2] This can affect athletes who were previously healthy, especially adolescents.[3]

Chlorine is even toxic enough to be a chemical weapon and categorized as a “choking agent”.[4] Exposure would be a very traumatic experience.[5] In fact, the Dorn VA Medical Center in Columbia, South Carolina reported a chlorine spill accident that happened in South Carolina in January of 2005. Ten months after the event, exposure victims were still so shaken that many reported recurring PTSD symptoms.[6]

Chlorine Is Caustic

In addition to the internal effects of exposure to chlorine, eye and skin irritation in swimmers has been hypothesized to originate from chlorine exposure.[7] That’s not all, did you know that swimming pool chlorine is associated with tooth enamel erosion? It’s not often mentioned but the New York University College of Dentistry lists it as a prime concern.[8]

Can chlorine kill you? 


Chlorine poisoning can occur when you touch, swallow, or inhale chlorine. Chlorine reacts with water outside of the body and on mucosal surfaces inside your body — including the water in your digestive tract — causing hydrochloric acid and hypochlorous acid to form. Both of these substances can be extremely poisonous to humans.

Does chlorine bioaccumulate in our bodies (especially through other sources)?


Preferential bioaccumulation occurs in living organisms. Bioaccumulation through the food chain tends to concentrate congeners of higher chlorine content.

Signs and Symptoms of Chlorine Exposure

Most people will smell a noxious odor or feel irritation that indicates exposure to chlorine, but low-level exposure for a long time may affect their ability to sense the chemical. When chlorine gas comes into contact with moist tissues such as the eyes, throat, and lungs, an acid is produced that can damage these tissues

Short-term exposure to hypochlorite solution by ingestion

Drinking small amounts of hypochlorite solution (less than a cup) can produce irritation of the esophagus. Drinking concentrated hypochlorite solution can produce severe damage to the upper digestive tract and even death. These effects are most likely caused by the caustic nature of the hypochlorite solution and not from exposure to molecular chlorine.

Chlorine is present your Phoenix metro and East Valley drinking azh2o.  Drinking chlorine is unhealthy.  If you take a show in hot chlorine this will cause a toxic fume called trihalomethanes.

trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH4) are replaced by halogen atoms. Many trihalomethanes find uses in industry as solvents or refrigerants. THMs are also environmental pollutants, and many are considered carcinogenic

carcinogen /kɑːrsɪnədʒən/ is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis (the formation of cancer). This may be due to the ability to damage the genome or to the disruption of cellular metabolic processes. Several radioactive substances are considered carcinogens, but their carcinogenic activity is attributed to the radiation, for example gamma rays and alpha particles, which they emit. Common examples of non-radioactive carcinogens are inhaled asbestos, certain dioxins, and tobacco smoke. Although the public generally associates carcinogenicity with synthetic chemicals, it is equally likely to arise from both natural and synthetic substances.


Because 30% of your azh2o comes from the Colorado river (this water contains much algae); the cities add much chlorine to your water.  Much chlorine flows to your azh2o drinking water.  Drinking chlorine can kill you.  If you take a shower in chlorine this can cause a toxic fume (trihalomethanes).  Breathing the toxic fume trihalomethanes can kill you. 

How do I remove the chlorine from my drinking water and shower water?


We exchange this unit every five years at no charge to keep the water safe and fresh.  If these units are not changed; the media inside can contaminate your water.

The main cleaning ingredient in most units is a media that looks like this:

In a posting in the national library of medicine:

Microbiological contamination of drinking water in a commercial household water filter system

F D Daschner 1H RüdenR SimonJ Clotten

Affiliations expand

  • PMID: 8740859


The microbiological quality of filtered water in a commercial water filter system (Brita) was tested in households and in two laboratories. In 24 of 34 filters used in households, bacterial counts increased in the filtered water up to 6,000 cfu/ml. In 4 of 6 filters tested in the laboratory, bacterial counts in the fresh filtrate were higher than in tap water after approximately one week of use both at room temperature and at 4 degrees C, suggesting growth or biofilm formation in the filter material. In some cases colony counts in the filtered water were 10,000 times those in tap water. The filter material of 5 of 13 new commercial filters was contaminated with bacteria or moulds. National or international regulatory agencies should ensure that water filters marketed for domestic use do not allow deterioration in the microbiological quality of drinking water.

The information about this main filter media  (the main ingredient in most whole house units) states if this media is not replaced on a regular systematic basis; your unit may be doing more harm to your health than helping.

At Boyett’s family water treatment we are sure to exchange your whole house unit in a proactive manner to keep your water safe and delicious.


water review consumer report.  A publication of the water quality research council.  Volume 10, No. 1, 1995.

Battelle_Final_Report.pdf (!&&p=6deb21d80eea602aJmltdHM9MTY4NTIzMjAwMCZpZ3VpZD0xOTk5Yzc2Zi0wNDg5LTY5MzUtMjcxMy1kNjJkMDVmNjY4OWEmaW5zaWQ9NTI0NQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=1999c76f-0489-6935-2713-d62d05f6689a&psq=batelle+industry+soft+water+study&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cud3FwbWFnLmNvbS9zb2Z0ZW5pbmctY29uZGl0aW9uaW5nL3dhdGVyLXNvZnRlbmluZy1lcXVpcG1lbnQvYXJ0aWNsZS8xMDk1NDU3Ni9iYXR0ZWxsZS1iZW5lZml0cw&ntb=1

Battelle Benefits | Water Quality Products (

MMSD_SoftenerOptimization_Toolkit (

Water Softener FAQ – Boyett’s Family Water Treatment (

Toxic Chemical: The Health Dangers of Chlorine (

can ingesting much chlorine kill me? – Search (

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Toxicity: What Is the Biologic Fate of PCBs in Humans? | Environmental Medicine | ATSDR (

Chlorine: Exposure, Decontamination, Treatment | Chemical Emergencies | CDC

Chlorine | Public Health Statement | ATSDR (

Trihalomethane – Wikipedia

Carcinogen – Wikipedia

Why should I get reverse osmosis for my home in the Phx AZ and the East Valley AZ?

Does your City of Phoenix metro area drinking water contain arsenic?

7 parts per billion

According to a 2018 report, the average concentration of arsenic in Phoenix drinking water is 7 parts per billion1Arsenic is a toxic metal that is known to cause cancer and other health issues1The maximum allowed level of arsenic in public water systems is 10 parts per billion2If you have arsenic in your drinking water at levels higher than the EPA’s Maximum Contaminant Level, an alternative source of water should be used for drinking and cooking2.

arsenic.pdf (

How can arsenic affect me and my family? Arsenic in small amounts, taken over many years, can cause certain cancers. Skin cancer is the most common. Exposure to arsenic can increase your risk of developing cancer or other health outcomes.

Health Effects of Arsenic Exposure Possible health effects from low levels: nausea, vomiting, decreased red and white blood cells levels, damage to blood vessels, “pins and needles” sensation Possible health effects from high levels: skin cancer, liver cancer, bladder cancer, lung cancer, and possibly death.


Arsenic can get into groundwater when the water has been filtered through arsenic-rich rock.

Wikipedia – what does arsenic look like

This rock looks to me like the human brain.  As I am performing this research; arsenic is not a thing to mess around.  We must filter this from all your water.

If you are drinking water that contains arsenic: negative impacts your cognitive development, intelligence and memory; increases your risk of cancer, and heart disease; impacts growth, brain development, and immune function.

Arsenic and Your Health | Arsenic and You (

We have two solutions:

11870 Chromium Brochure (

Our chromium filter will also remove the hexavalent chromium present in most of our water.

Based on the latest round of sampling, chromium-6 levels in Phoenix drinking water delivered to customers range from a low of.13 parts per billion to a high of 1.6 parts per billion and average.39 parts per billion

Chromium6_FAQs_Sept_2016.pdf (


We used specialized equipment, methods, and expertise to determine how hexavalent chromium from drinking water is distributed throughout the body.


The results provided by RTI helped the National Toxicology Program establish that hexavalent chromium is a harmful carcinogen in drinking water. These findings were integrated into human cancer risk models that have influenced policies around hexavalent chromium in drinking water and have helped establish state and federal drinking water limits in the United States.

Exposure to hazardous chemicals can impact human health and quality of life. Environmental policies designed to minimize chemical exposure and protect public health are based on a range of information, including toxicity and how often and how much of a chemical can be found in the environment. Laboratory measurements of environmental and biological samples help to protect public health by increasing our understanding of chemical exposures.

Investigating A Widespread Contaminant in Drinking Water

In 2001, following a series of highly-publicized exposure clusters (including the one depicted in the movie, Erin Brockovich), the National Toxicology Program received a nomination to study the potentially toxic effects of hexavalent chromium in drinking water. These studies included in vivo models to understand both how much hexavalent chromium was taken up from drinking water and where it was distributed in the body.

A 2016 study by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) indicated that hexavalent chromium is more common in drinking water than was previously thought, estimating that as many as 218 million Americans could be served by water systems with detectable hexavalent chromium, either from manmade or natural sources.

RTI has been a trusted partner of the National Toxicology Program through its Chemistry Services Contract since 1984. Our laboratory experts provide support to the program for a range of services including formulation development, chemical procurement, and bioanalytical services.

Our analytical laboratories helped the National Toxicology Program understand the distribution of hexavalent chromium from drinking water by measuring chromium in several tissues, including the kidney, liver, bones, blood, intestines, and others. We used our suite of specialized laboratory instruments and facilities and over 100 combined years of experience in bioanalysis to design and validate a comprehensive set of analyses for each type of sample. These robust, scientifically defensible measurements helped the National Toxicology Program establish where in the body different forms of chromium in drinking water were taken up by our test subjects.

Our data were included in the analysis of cancer occurrence, which found that hexavalent chromium is carcinogenic when consumed in drinking water. Test subjects dosed with hexavalent chromium exhibited oral cancer and cancer of the small intestine, which are not common cancers, and combined with our biodistribution results, suggested that the chromium was the cause of the cancer.

In the years after the publication of that report, EPA concluded that a review of the previous drinking water limit for chromium was necessary, a process that is still underway. However, considering the reported results, in 2014, California became the first state in the country to set a drinking water limit for hexavalent chromium of 10 parts per billion (ppb), with a contaminant goal of 0.02 ppb.

As the discussion around the regulation of chromium exposure continues, we will continue to play a role in providing scientific facts to support policy decisions.

Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water | RTI

According to a report by ABC15 Arizona, Phoenix has the highest amount of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in drinking water of any city nationwide. The report states that the well water has elevated levels of Cr(VI), which is found on the rocks in the region. However, the tests conducted by Phoenix water officials show that the levels are no more than 1.6 parts per billion when the water reaches homes1.

A blog post by Esmaeel Ashrafpour states that the average content of Cr(VI) in drinking water in Mesa is 7.6 μg/L ranging from 0.03 to 24 μg/L, probably depending on the entry point or different time of sampling during the year. The average Cr(VI) contents in Chandler and Scottsdale are 5.3 and 4.8 μg/L, respectively2.

The Public Health Goal (PHG) for hexavalent chromium in drinking water is established at 0.02 parts per billion (ppb) by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) of the California Environmental Protection Agency3.

Image of hexavalent chromium

EWG found that Oklahoma, Arizona, and California have the highest statewide averages of chromium-6. Phoenix has the highest of any city by far, followed by St. Louis and Houston with comparatively high levels.

‘Brockovich’ carcinogen found in tap water of more than 250 million Americans

‘Brockovich’ carcinogen found in tap water of more than 250 million Americans | Environmental Working Group (

Phoenix metro AZ water may have more hexavalent chromium than made Erin Brockovich sick.

Our great team at Boyett’s family water has come up with a solution to remove all the arsenic from every water faucet in your home and we also will remove the hexavalent chromium at the same time.

11870 Chromium Brochure (

We exchange this unit every five years at no charge.  With the Boyett’s family method – we keep you at least $5,000 ahead at all times.

Arsenic is a naturally occurring element that can be found in groundwater. Long-term exposure to high levels of inorganic arsenic in drinking water is associated with certain medical conditions, including skin disorders, an increased risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, and several types of cancer 1. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has conducted extensive research to address arsenic in groundwater and drinking water supplies around the country. They have found that arsenic poses a problem because it is toxic at low levels and is a known carcinogen 2The USGS studies local and national sources of arsenic to help health officials better manage our water resources 2.

It is important to note that the health effects of arsenic depend on the amount and duration of exposure, as well as individual factors such as age, sex, and overall health 1The Illinois Department of Public Health states that drinking water containing elevated levels of arsenic can cause thickening and discoloration of the skin, digestive problems such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and numbness in the hands and feet 3.

In summary, long-term exposure to high levels of inorganic arsenic in drinking water can have serious health consequences. It is important to monitor the levels of arsenic in your drinking water and take appropriate measures to reduce exposure if necessary.

Learn more:

1. cdc.gov2. usgs.gov3. dph.illinois.gov4. usgs.gov5. more

Arsenic is a naturally occurring element, but long-term exposure can cause cancer in people. There has been a substantial amount of research done to address arsenic in groundwater and drinking water supplies around the country. The USGS studies local and national sources of arsenic to help health officials better manage our water resources.

Arsenic and Drinking Water | U.S. Geological Survey (

Arsenic is a natural component of the earth’s crust and is widely distributed throughout the environment in the air, water, and land. It is highly toxic in its inorganic form.

People are exposed to elevated levels of inorganic arsenic through drinking contaminated water, using contaminated water in food preparation and irrigation of food crops, industrial processes, eating contaminated food, and smoking tobacco.

Long-term exposure to inorganic arsenic, mainly through drinking water and food, can lead to chronic arsenic poisoning. Skin lesions and skin cancer are the most characteristic effects.

Arsenic (

What Is KDF Filter Media?

This is a filter medium that’s used in many different types of home, industrial, and waste treatment water purification processes. KDF filters come in many sizes.

They can be used for small applications such as showerhead filters or they can be used for much larger tasks such as being a major component of a whole-house water purification system.

These types of filters are especially useful when it comes to reducing free chlorine levels and removing a large variety of heavy metals and inorganic compounds.

Although they are the main components of some types of stand-alone water filtration systems, they are best used in conjunction with other filter types. KDF filters are most commonly paired with some form of activated carbon filtration.

Variations Of Granular KDF Media

As part of this KDF Filter Media Guide, it will also help you to know the different types of KDF granular filter media that exist. They are:

1. KDF-55

The main goal of this type of KDF filter media is the conversion of free chlorine into harmless chloride salt and to remove heavy metals from tap water. Not to be discounted is the fact that they will also inhibit algae and fungi growth and to a lesser extent the growth of bacteria and viruses.

This is the most common type of KDF granular filter media that is used as part of stand-alone and combination water filtration devices.

2. KDF-85

This type of KDF filtration media is used in water purification systems that target iron and hydrogen sulfide removal.

They will also remove many of the same heavy metals and free chlorine that KDF-55 filters do.

These can even be found in disk form which requires no backwashing and cuts down on the filter waste associated with the process.

3. KDF-F

KDF-F type filtration media targets chlorine and bacteria buildup in tap water. The big difference between KDF-F type filters and KDF-55 filters is that the granules are embedded in a fine mesh. This makes them ideal for placement inside activated carbon block filters.

4. KDF-C

This is just a much coarser mesh version of the above-mentioned KDF-F filter media. It’s designed to specifically target chlorine and heavy metals. It’s coarseness also allows it to be used in situations where less pressure drop is required.

How Does KDF Filter Media Work?

KDF filters are made using high-purity granular forms of zinc and copper. These filters provide water purification based on a principle that’s known as REDOX (oxidation-reduction).

This is a naturally occurring electrochemical process that takes place when certain tap water substances such as free chlorine and heavy metals come into contact with KDF filter media.

When the tap water contacts the copper and zinc granules in the KDF filter media, ion exchange takes place. This happens between the tap water contaminants that KDF filters are effective on and this filter media’s embedded positively charged copper ions and negatively charged zinc ions.

This has a different impact depending on the specific type of water impurity that’s involved. For example, free chlorine is simply changed into harmless chloride salts and is allowed to pass through the system instead of being removed during the process.

Heavy metals bond with the filter media itself and thus are removed from the tap water altogether.

It’s a simple but very effective method of water purification that is widely popular.

What Contaminants Does A KDF Filter Remove?

Those who use KDF filters in the water purification process usually have two main objectives.

The first is to lessen harmful free chlorine and reduce its impact on tap water taste, looks, and smell. Some believe that KDF filters actually filter out free chlorine but as mentioned, they just convert it into a much less harmful form.

They also do a very good job of eliminating a variety of inorganic compounds and heavy metals that are commonly found in tap water. This includes the elimination or reduction of lead, iron, cadmium, mercury, copper, chromium, hydrogen sulfide, nickel, arsenic, and aluminum.

KDF filters will also somewhat reduce radon, sediment, and VOCs and to a lesser extent, they can reduce some dissolved solids in tap water.

They also inhibit algae, bacteria, viruses, and fungi growth. This is because of the KDF filter media’s ability to quickly produce hydroxyl and hydrogen peroxide which are impactful on these types of microorganisms.

Where Are KDF Filter Media Used?

One of the reasons that these filters are so popular is that they offer nice water filtration benefits in several different types of situations.

You would be hard-pressed to find a type of RV water filter that did not contain some type of KDF filter media inside of it. The same goes for marine water filter applications.

They are also a major component of almost every type of under-sink or whole-house tap water filtration system. These work well in countertop style and refrigerator water filtration devices too.

KDF filters are also the filter media of choice for shower filters. That’s because they can withstand high water pressure very well and do not break down or shed their captured contaminants easily when hot water is passed through them.

Many hospital settings, industries, and restaurants also enjoy the many water-enhancing benefits that KDF filtration has to offer.

Advantages Of KDF

Here are the main reasons why people like to use KDF filters as part of a stand-alone or complementary filter inside a water purification device.

1. They eliminate a large amount of free chlorine

These filters are excellent if you are supplied by municipal water where chlorine is used in its treatment. Most will eliminate 97% or more of free chlorine in tap water.

Free chlorine is the chlorine found in a water source that can still act as a sanitizer and can be harmful to the human body in large amounts.

2. KDF filters reduce heavy metals and inorganic compounds

They are a very good means of reducing heavy metals and inorganic compounds that are commonly found in household water. This includes being able to reduce cadmium, lead, iron, arsenic, mercury, chromium, hydrogen sulfide, and aluminum in tap water.

3. These filters can help extend the life of activated carbon filters

These types of filters are often used in the same filtration devices as activated carbon filters. Not only do they make a nice water filtration combination when used together, but they will also help to extend their partner-activated carbon filter’s useful life.

KDF filters do this because they help keep bacteria and viruses from building up in activated carbon filters. These microorganisms are the main cause of shortened activated carbon filter life.

4. They work well with hot water and when under high pressure

KDF filters are one of the few filtration mediums that stay efficient when hot water passes through them. This is because, unlike other types of filters, these filters do not break down or easily lose the contaminants they have captured when hot water passes through them.

5. It’s a recyclable filter medium

Their filter media is 100% Recyclable. This makes it an ideal water purification choice for those who want to lessen their carbon footprint on the planet.

Can be used in targeted types of water filtration

Because it comes in different granular forms, this type of filter media can be used in water filtration systems that are targeted to meet specific needs.

6. This filter type has a long useful life

KDF filters will last you a very long time before you have to replace them. Some will even last several years before they need to be changed out.

7. KDF filters are reasonably priced

When compared to many other types of water filters, KDF water filters are relatively inexpensive. This is especially true when you consider how long they last as was mentioned above.

Health effects

Inorganic arsenic is a confirmed carcinogen and is the most significant chemical contaminant in drinking water globally. Arsenic can also occur in an organic form. Inorganic arsenic compounds (such as those found in water) are highly toxic while organic arsenic compounds (such as those found in seafood) are less harmful to health.

Acute effects

The immediate symptoms of acute arsenic poisoning include vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. These are followed by numbness and tingling of the extremities, muscle cramping and death, in extreme cases.

Long-term effects

The first symptoms of long-term exposure to high levels of inorganic arsenic (for example, through drinking water and food) are usually observed in the skin, and include pigmentation changes, skin lesions and hard patches on the palms and soles of the feet (hyperkeratosis). These occur after a minimum exposure of approximately five years and may be a precursor to skin cancer.

In addition to skin cancer, long-term exposure to arsenic may also cause cancers of the bladder and lungs. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified arsenic and arsenic compounds as carcinogenic to humans and has also stated that arsenic in drinking water is carcinogenic to humans.

Other adverse health effects that may be associated with long-term ingestion of inorganic arsenic include developmental effects, diabetes, pulmonary disease and cardiovascular disease. Arsenic-induced myocardial infarction in particular can be a significant cause of excess mortality.

Arsenic is also associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality, with impacts on child health (1), and exposure in utero and in early childhood has been linked to increases in mortality in young adults due to multiple cancers, lung disease, heart attacks and kidney failure (2). Numerous studies have demonstrated the negative impacts of arsenic exposure on cognitive development, intelligence and memory (3).

The magnitude of the problem

Arsenic contamination of groundwater is widespread and there are a number of regions where arsenic contamination of drinking water is significant. An estimated 140 million people in at least 70 countries have been drinking water containing arsenic at levels above the WHO provisional guideline value of 10 μg/L (4, 5). This is consistent with recent statistical modeling which suggests between 94 and 220 million people are at risk of exposure to elevated arsenic concentrations in groundwater (6).

The symptoms and signs caused by long-term elevated exposure to inorganic arsenic differ between individuals, population groups and geographical areas. Thus, there is no universal definition of the disease caused by arsenic. This complicates the assessment of the burden on health of arsenic.

Similarly, there is no method to distinguish cases of cancer caused by arsenic from cancers induced by other factors. As a result, there is no reliable estimate of the magnitude of the problem worldwide.

In 2010, the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) re-evaluated the effects of arsenic on human health, taking new data into account. JECFA concluded that for certain regions of the world where concentrations of inorganic arsenic in drinking water exceed 50–100 μg/L, there is some evidence of adverse effects. In other areas, where arsenic concentrations in water are elevated (10–50 μg/L), JECFA concluded that while there is a possibility of adverse effects. These would be at a low incidence that would be difficult to detect in epidemiological studies.

Arsenic (

Something’s rotten in the Valley of the Sun – literally

Hydrogen sulfide can cause your water to stink and

Corrode your plumbing.

In an article:

In many areas of our Phoenix metro and East Valley area – the water stinks because of hydrogen sulfide.

They drove around the valley and it smells like poop.

Does your water stink of hydrogen sulfide (poop) or chlorine?

We have a solution.

11870 Chromium Brochure (

Many people are adding this to get rid of the fluoride.

Fluoride Filter + Granular Activated Filter – Boyett’s Family Water Treatment (

Many of the stories I enjoy the most in my life involve stories about trucks.

As a young man, I sat on my grandfather’s lap while driving this truck:

I am fortunate to drive this truck today.

My father drove this truck from Texas to AZ so I can drive it to ASU.  I threw my bike in the back and rode my bike to class (saved time and headaches and parking tickets).  By riding my bike to class it also helped get that blood pumping up to my computer head.

This truck is still a work truck.

This truck is used around our factory to clean up branches.  It is still very much a work truck these days.

This is the first Isuzu we added to our fleet.  By adding Isuzu to our fleet utilization program – helped create sustainability.   We utilized this Isuzu as a delivery truck; then when it began aging, we turned it into a service and installation vehicle.  This picture was taken in 1997.  We used this Isuzu truck in our company until 2006.  

Now our entire fleet is Isuzu trucks

These days when we add a new truck to our fleet we think of it as opening a new restaurant (or refurbishing a popular restaurant). 

We look at the cleanliness of our trucks as going to a restaurant and observe the condition of the plates and the silverware.  Our onus is to have a spectacular fleet of trucks so we drive into your neighborhood you will be proud that we have arrived (your neighbors will take notice).

We refer to this as the sentient nature of our business dealings with you (we want you to always be pleased and 100% satisfied with our work at your home).

Does your water have a rotten egg smell or chlorine smell?

We have a solution to this problem.

The KDF 85 media filter removes hydrogen sulfide.

What causes hydrogen sulfide to be present in water?

Hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) can give water a “rotten egg” taste or odor. This gas can occur in wells anywhere and be: Naturally occurring – a result of decay and chemical reactions with soil and rocks. Produced by certain “sulfur bacteria” in the groundwater, well, or plumbing system.

Hydrogen sulfide can also cause corrosion of metals in a plumbing system, and it can cause yellow or black greasy stains on fixtures or inside pipes when it forms metallic sulfides.,when%20it%20forms%20metallic%20sulfides.

This media is the solution to a rotten egg smell in your plumbing.

KDF®-85 is a water treatment media composed of high-purity copper and zinc granules that can be used to remove dissolved (ferrous) iron and hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg odor) through an oxidation/reduction (redox) reaction.

What is a redox reaction?

Redox (/ˈrɛdɒks/ RED-oks/ˈriːdɒks/ REE-doksreduction–oxidation[2] or oxidation–reduction[3]) is a type of chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of substrate change.[4] Oxidation is the loss of electrons or an increase in the oxidation state, while reduction is the gain of electrons or a decrease in the oxidation state.

There are two classes of redox reactions:

  • Electron-transfer – Only one (usually) electron flows from the atom being oxidized to the atom that is reduced. This type of redox reaction is often discussed in terms of redox couples and electrode potentials.
  • Atom transfer – An atom transfers from one substrate to another. For example, in the rusting of iron, the oxidation state of iron atoms increases as the iron converts to an oxide, and simultaneously the oxidation state of oxygen decreases as it accepts electrons released by the iron. Although oxidation reactions are commonly associated with the formation of oxides, other chemical species can serve the same function.[5] In hydrogenationC=C (and other) bonds are reduced by the transfer of hydrogen atoms.

In the Phoenix metro area and East Valley area of AZ, there is a lot of chlorine in our water.

The ideal chlorine level for a pool is between 1-3 parts per million (ppm.) Maintaining your swimming pool effectively means maintaining proper chlorine levels. This is essential for keeping them clean and safe for swimming.

As we visit your homes in the evenings and Saturdays we are learning that the ppm of chlorine often exceeds the amount in a swimming pool.

Why is the chlorine content so high in your water?

The cities must add so much chlorine to kill the algae.

2/3 of the Phoenix metro and East Valley area water is held back by the Saguaro Lake dam.

When the water is released from here – it is green with algae.

The tubers and kayakers float down this river and this water ends up at your water treatment plant.

One-third of your Phx metro (East Valley) water comes through the Grand Canyon (this is the bridge that crosses over to the Phantom Ranch).

I have hiked the canyon two times and rode a mule across this bridge.

When the Colorado river reaches your water treatment plant – much chlorine is added to this water and other chemicals like fluoride. 

This is a little bit abstract.

I have been fortunate to be involved in writing two books:

Desire – not only for the select few (a story about a 1963 ford truck and my father and his father).

  Beginning at Cesco (a story about the beginning of my father’s rental water treatment career).

I have begun editing a third book called Scarcity (using this principle to develop intrigue, creativity, and aggrandizement)

Here is chapter two of Scarcity.


Chapter 2

A little paucity is warranted in all venues. 




  1. the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity.

Even after working in our office 40 hours a week, I am fortunate to meet with as many as 20 clients at their homes.  It is from these clients’ meetings that we derive our new product and process ideas for my family’s rental water treatment company.

At a recent client meeting, we were inspecting the placement for the unit and our client used the word paucity to describe the lack of electrical outlets.

I didn’t recognize this word and I asked.  She was nice enough to explain the meaning of this word and how it applied to the current situation.

For some time now I have looked at learning new words as treasures in my life.   When I have learned a new word from important people, I remember the place in time and this individual with the memory and use of a word.

I learned the word aggrandize from my girlfriend J. O while attending ASU.  Aggrandize means to increase the power, status, or wealth of; enhance the reputation of (someone).  I find many occasions to utilize this word in business and life. 

non se·qui·tur (/ˌnän ˈsekwədər/) is another word I learned from a past girlfriend.

Meaning: conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from the previous argument or statement (KGD).  This word described our relationship.

Now when I read a word I cannot define – I look it up and many times  I write this word and definition in my book. 

Here are some other great words I have added to my vocabulary.




I try not to use a word unless I can define it.  Sometimes V will call me out on a word that I used.  I welcome this.  If you don’t use it – you will lose it.  You must have courage and be unselfish to use these new words.

I have been using this method for some time.  When I used one of my new words in the presence of my founder father – he would say this:  Hayden, why do you use those words that nobody understands?  I changed my approach because of his ridicule.  I now will say a big word and define it after my sentence.  It is a way I can share my word treasure and encourage others to take up this notion.

Here are the principles and people who helped me develop this approach.  Mr. G in high school taught us discombobulated.  I am fortunate to talk with Mr. G these days while providing him with our service. 

A recent word Mr. G shared is Lagniappe (a free giveaway; like when you purchase makeup – they give you a gift).  Another example of a Lagniappe is when you refer a new person to Boyett’s family water – and they enroll in our service (Boyett’s family will give you a Lagniappe ‘$50 referral credit’).

The other person who has really helped me get this learning new word program off the ground is my best friend N.Z. 

Some of my favorite people and most important relationships are with immigrants.

I have found I tend to take things for granted.  America is the greatest place on the planet (because of we the people concept).  When I spend my time with immigrants – I love America more.  These days I wear an American flag on my shirt; every waking moment ‘if I got a shirt on – I have the American flag displayed’.  I wear the American flag on the front of my cowboy hat and the back of my cowboy hat.  If I leave my living space – I’ll be sporting three American flags.

N.Z is not from here.  N.Z is from another land.  When I met N.Z at ASU because of Mark R. we immediately hit it off.  Even though we could not communicate in words; we communicated in thoughts. 

When N.Z arrived from his country he didn’t know any words (he knew a few American words).  As we studied side by side, he looked up every word.  By watching his actions, I learned that I didn’t know a lot of words.  Because of N. Z’s good example, I began to do the same. 

These days I remind N.Z to be sure and look up those words. 

I have heard – when I increase my vocabulary; I increase my intelligence.

My family has the intention to be the very best portable exchange soft water company in the world by providing you with the best soft water delivery service throughout the Phoenix metro and East Valley Area of AZ.

Here is a link to this product:

Portable Exchange Tank Service – Boyett’s Family Water Treatment (

Our entire company structure is developed around this concept.

Everything in our lives begins with the portable tank soft water delivery service (the people, the trucks, and our hard work ethic and organizational skills).

The portable exchange soft water delivery service is the hardest job in our industry (it is the hardest division of our company to operate).

Most of our veterans began their long careers to perform these tasks. 

All our trucks begin their life here and are rotated down to our service and installation division.

When we began in the portable exchange tank soft water industry the first truck my father had was


When my founder father married my founder mother they purchased a Rayne Water Conditioning dealership in Phoenix Metro and the East Valley.

They utilized this style of vehicle.

There was much lifting involved and this was an arduous activity.

Bob Wise – Rayne of San Bernardino built a truck where the portable exchange tanks hang on the truck.  We completely redesigned our factory infrastructure to accommodate this truck.  We knew that this would help us to live another day be safer and provide a better work environment for our technicians.

Rayne Water Mesa, AZ, Rayne Water Tempe, AZ, Rayne Water Phoenix metro area, AZ, Rayne Water East Valley, AZ

Here are some companies that we can work on their units.

Budget water

Discount water

Arsenic can be harmful to the eyes, skin, liver, kidneys, lungs, and lymphatic system. Exposure to arsenic can also cause cancer. Workers may be harmed from exposure to arsenic. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done.,duration%2C%20and%20work%20being%20done.

Arsenic – Some of Mesa’s drinking water sources contain low levels of arsenic, a naturally occurring metal.’s%20drinking,arsenic%2C%20a%20naturally%20occurring%20metal.

We have heard there is a brain-eating parasite spreading through our US.  Here is what we are doing to prevent this in your H2O in AZ.

We are developing units that will kill all parasites, E. Coli, coliform and pathogens.

Tapeworm eggs are spread through food, water, or surfaces contaminated with feces. 

What is cysticercosis?

Cysticercosis is an infection caused by the larvae of the parasite Taenia solium.  This infection occurs after a person swallows tapeworm eggs. The larvae get into tissues such as muscle and brain, and form cysts there (these are called cysticerci). When cysts are found in the brain, the condition is called neurocysticercosis.

How do humans get cysticercosis?

People get cysticercosis when they swallow T. solium eggs that are passed in the feces of a human with a tapeworm. Tapeworm eggs are spread through food, water, or surfaces contaminated with feces.  Humans swallow the eggs when they eat contaminated food or put contaminated fingers in their mouth.  Importantly, someone with a tapeworm can infect him-or herself with tapeworm eggs (this is called autoinfection), and can infect others in the family. Eating pork cannot give you cysticercosis.

What is the relationship between human tapeworm and porcine (pig) cysticercosis?

Humans get the tapeworm infection after eating raw or undercooked pork contaminated with cysts of T. solium. When swallowed the cysts pass through the stomach and attach to the lining of the small intestine. In the small intestine, the cysts develop into adult tapeworms over about two months.

Where is cysticercosis found?

Cysticercosis is found worldwide. Infection is found most often in rural areas of developing countries where pigs are allowed to roam freely and eat human feces and where hygiene practices are poor.  Cysticercosis is rare in people who live in countries where pigs do not have contact with human feces.  People can sometimes get cysticercosis even if they have never traveled outside of the United States.

What are the signs and symptoms of cysticercosis?

Signs and symptoms will depend on the location and number of cysts in your body.

  • Cysts in the muscles:
    • Cysts in the muscles generally do not cause symptoms. However, you may be able to feel lumps under your skin. The lumps sometimes become tender.
  • Cysts in the eyes:
    • Although rare, cysts may float in the eye and cause blurry or disturbed vision. Infection in the eyes may cause swelling or detachment of the retina.
  • Neurocysticercosis (cysts in the brain, spinal cord):
    • Symptoms of neurocysticercosis depend upon where and how many cysts are found in the brain. Seizures and headaches are the most common symptoms. However, confusion, lack of attention to people and surroundings, difficulty with balance, and excess fluid around the brain (called hydrocephalus) may also occur. The disease can result in death.


How long will I be infected before symptoms begin?

Symptoms can occur months to years after infection, usually when the cysts start dying. When cysts die, the brain or other tissue around the cyst may swell. The pressure of the swelling is what usually causes the symptoms of the infection.  Sometimes symptoms are caused by the pressure of cyst in a small space.

What should I do if I think I have cysticercosis?

See your health care provider.

How is cysticercosis diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask you about your symptoms, where you have traveled, and the kinds of foods you eat.  Diagnosis may require blood tests and/or imaging studies. Diagnosis of neurocysticercosis is usually made by MRI or CT brain scans. Blood tests are available to help diagnose an infection, but may not always be accurate. If surgery is necessary to remove a cyst, the diagnosis can be made by the pathologist who looks at the cyst.

Is there treatment for cysticercosis?

Yes. Infections are generally treated with anti-parasitic drugs in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs. Surgery is sometimes necessary to treat cysts in certain locations, when patients are not responsive to drug treatment, or to reduce brain swelling. Not all cases of cysticercosis need treatment.  Even if you don’t need treatment to kill the parasite, you may need treatment for the symptoms caused by the infection, such as medication to reduce the number of seizures you have.

Can cysticercosis be spread from person to person?

No. Someone with cysticercosis cannot spread the disease to other people.  However, people with taeniasis (tapeworm infection in the intestine) may spread tapeworm eggs to other people if they do not practice good hygiene (e.g. hand washing after they use the toilet), which may result in cysticercosis if people swallow the eggs.

I recently googled: what is the brain-eating parasite going around:

Worms in the Brain

Cysticercosis is an infection caused by the larvae of the parasite Taenia solium. This infection occurs after a person swallows tapeworm eggs. The larvae get into tissues such as muscle and brain, and form cysts there (these are called cysticerci).,(these%20are%20called%20cysticerci).

What if this gets in the water?

We have a solution:


We have a filter that will kill all pathogens, E.Coli, coliform and parasites.

This describes the media.

A Technological Breakthrough

The Quantum Crystals use a new technology based on the quantum mechanic principles of electron movements in micro-crystals that create active surfaces (positively charged with electron holes) capable of lysing the cells of microorganisms, like for example, the non-pathogen E. coli bacteria (strain 11775), causing their entire structure to collapse.

The Quantum Crystals ™ are a catalyst:
improving the water quality with its activated surfaces, no power, no chemicals, no maintenance.

The Quantum Crystals ™ are a ceramic:
alumina based, environmentally friendly, insoluble and odorless.

The Quantum Crystals ™ work based on a new phenomenon – the “knife effect”: lysis of the non-pathogen microorganisms cells.

The Quantum Crystals ™ are a solid media:
easy to apply, easy to handle, always to be placed in packed beds.

The Quantum Crystals ™ remove the microorganisms instantly:
there is no contact time required.

Water simply has to pass over the Quantum Crystals ™ media and the
microorganisms are instantly destroyed through the catalytic electron exchange.

Give Any Device Extra-Purification Capabilities


The QC ceramics are used in systems for well water and city water sources for homes, offices, and process applications:
up to 12 GPM.


A small quantity of QC ceramics can purify all POU systems such as faucets, under the sink systems, ice and beverage machines, coolers, misters, showers, dental chairs, etc.


With no power requirements and working in gravitational flows, QC media can give a supplementary purification capacities to all pitcher devices, bracket units, suspended tanks, etc.

High Flows

The QC ceramics can be applied for high flow water extra-purification in industries like beverages, poultry and agriculture:
up to 50 GPM or more

Post Reverse Osmosis

The QC media are used as a safeguard against odors for RO systems. You can really drink RO water now!

Custom Applications

The QC media can be tailored into many other custom applications across a large variety of markets and flow rates.

Quantum Crystals ™ Frequently Asked Questions

How these ceramics work?

The QC ceramics are a catalyst with activated surfaces. The microorganisms that get into a direct contact with the sharp micro-crystals at the surface of the QC media are instantly cut and lose their cellular integrity without any possibility of remediation.

Are the QC ceramics a filter?

No. It is a water purification media. Besides, it needs a primary filtration (at least 5 micron) to work properly, otherwise the activated sites can be clogged.

Does the QC ceramics leach?

No. The QC ceramics do not leach anything in the water, no ions, no chemicals.

Does the QC ceramics kill microorganisms by chemical means?

No. The reduction of microorganisms happens due to the micro-crystals cutting action.

Are the QC ceramics certified?

– a NSF Certified Component to NSF/ANSI 42 for material requirements only USA(Certificate of listing #: C0292640-01)
– a IAPMO Certified Component to NSF/ANSI 61 for material requirements only USA(Certificate of listing #: W-10747)
– a MOH Certified Component to GB/T 5750-2006 Standard for material requirements only – China (Certificate of listing #: 2015KF2513)

How are the QC ceramics applied?

The ceramics can only be applied in packed bed in devices, systems or units with an inlet and an outlet that can ensure the contact of microorganisms with the activated ceramics.
No by-passes are allowed.

Have the QC ceramics been tested by 3rd party labs?

Yes. The QC ceramics have been rigorously tested and posted excellent results by:

  • Environmental Protection Agency, US EPA
  • Eurofins US; Eurofins France
  • Proteus, France
  • Guangdong Detection Center of Microbiology, China
  • Avazyme, US
  • Ackuritlabs, US
  • and others

All of these reports are available upon request.

How long the QC ceramics last?

Theoretically, forever.
In practice, all depends of the inlet water quality.
Claire works closely with our OEM partners to design cartridges and devices that meet end-of-life criteria. For Claire’s own systems, such as the PLATINUM unit (see Products), the warrantied life is 200,000 gallons or over 1 year of normal household use.

Where to install the QC systems?

At the last stage, always.
All QC systems should be installed after your regular water purification equipment, like for example, after your softeners, or your heavy metals removal filters, or post RO, or as the last layer in pitcher filters, etc.

I was so excited about learning about this media from our great water treatment vendor Jason at Charger Water, Phoenix AZ.

We have regular contact with the founder of this technology.  Every time a thing pops up in the news (,(these%20are%20called%20cysticerci).


If this gets in the water,(these%20are%20called%20cysticerci).

This unit will remove it

7487 Clarify Reverse Osmosis (

Johnny and Sebastian worked in the office yesterday to substantiate our infrastructure (we have a spectacular water treatment plant, and it requires pro-active service and maintenance).  We have the right people to help.  Ali is doing a great job regenerating our portable exchange soft water tanks.

Ali informed Johnny and Sebastian that one of his dumping PE tank valves needs to be replaced.  They not only installed a new one in spectacular fashion here:

Ali said this: they not only replaced the existing one – they made an extra

As the manager of my family’s water treatment enterprise – I am impressed (by the proactive nature of things here).

Is arsenic in our mesa water?

Arsenic – Some of Mesa’s drinking water sources contain low levels of arsenic, a naturally occurring metal.’s%20drinking,arsenic%2C%20a%20naturally%20occurring%20metal.

Is arsenic bad for our health?

Arsenic can be harmful to the eyes, skin, liver, kidneys, lungs, and lymphatic system. Exposure to arsenic can also cause cancer.,arsenic%20can%20also%20cause%20cancer.

We also work on the water treatment equipment of these companies


Kinetico Maricopa Water Processing System

Culligan Water of Phoenix

AZ Water, Drain & Sewer

Mountain Fresh Water Systems

Gilbert Water Softeners

Pristine Water Softeners

Spring Meadows Water Treatment LLC

Kinetico Maricopa Water Processing Systems

Camcor Plumbing & Water Treatment

Clear Water Concepts

Water Rehab

Boyett’s family water treatment

Earthwise Water Filters Phoenix

Puretec Industrial Water

Clean H2O Pro’s

Southwest Water Services

Clean & Pure Water Co.

Paradise Water Systems

State 48 Water, LLC

Ameriflow Water Systems Inc.

Second Opinion Plumbing

Aqua Science Now Proudly Pentair

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Here are some of our company pictures and Boyett family pictures.

Salt containment infrastructure.

Playing the guitar, sing-alongs, and helping others to play a musical instrument was a big deal is a big deal to my family (and always has been).

At Rayne Water Conditioning my founder parents continued to make our organization award-winning.

We also work on the water treatment equipment of these companies

Water Rehab

Clear Water Concepts

Mountain Fresh Water

Spring Meadows Water Treatment

Water Filtration in Phx AZ

The most important part of a small family business is the trust and loyalty of our clients.

Respectfully, Hayden Boyett

Text is best 602.291.4157